Advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence in medicine - Faculdade de Computação e Informática (2023)

No matter the industry, artificial intelligence (AI) has become commonplace. When it comes to medicine, AI helps healthcare professionals streamline tasks, improve operational efficiency and simplify complex procedures. Big tech companies are investing more funds in AI innovations in healthcare. For example,Microsoft announces $40 million five-year programin 2020 to address health challenges. While AI is undoubtedly changing the healthcare industry, this technology is still relatively new. As the adoption of AI expands in the healthcare sector, questions about the advantages and limitations of this technology become more and more pertinent.

How does AI help in health?

1. Provides real-time data

A critical component of diagnosing and treating medical conditions is acquiring accurate information in a timely manner. With AI, physicians and other medical professionals can leverage immediate and accurate data to simplify and streamline critical clinical decision-making. Generating faster, more realistic results can lead to better preventive measures, cost savings and patient waiting times.

real-time analysisIt can help improve doctor-patient relationships. Making vital patient data available via mobile devices can engage patients in their treatments. Mobile alerts can inform doctors and nurses about urgent changes in patient status and emergencies.

Drexel University Professor of Information SciencesChristopher C. Yang, PhD, says, "As AI technology becomes more advanced, more data can be collected than traditional medical institutions could accumulate."

2. Simplify tasks

artificial intelligence in medicineit has already changed health practices everywhere. Innovations include scheduling appointments, translating clinical details and tracking patient records. AI is enabling healthcare facilities to simplify the most tedious and painstaking tasks. For example, smart radiology technology can identify meaningful visual markers, saving hours of intensive analysis. There are other automated systems to automate appointment scheduling, patient tracking, and care recommendations.

(Video) The Dangers of AI

A specific task optimized with AIis checking the insurance. AI is used to minimize costs resulting from insurance claim denials. With AI, healthcare providers can identify and resolve erroneous claims before insurers deny payment for them. Not only does this streamline the claims process, but the AI ​​saves hospital staff time needed to process the denial and resubmit the claim.

By enabling faster payments and more accurate claims, hospitals can have more confidence in reimbursement schedules, making them more willing to accept a greater number of insurance plans. Basically, AI allows hospitals to accept a wide range of plans, which benefits potential and existing patients.

3. Save time and resources

As more vital processes become automated, medical professionals have more time to assess patients and diagnose illnesses and conditions. AI is accelerating operations to save valuable productivity hours for medical facilities. In any industry, time is money, so AI has the potential to save considerable costs.

It is estimated that around US$200 billion is wasted annually in the healthcare industry. Much of this unnecessary cost is attributed to administrative efforts such as filing, reviewing, and resolving accounts. Another area for improvement is the determination of medical need. Traditionally, hours of reviewing patient history and information are required to properly assess medical need.New Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Deep Learning (DL)algorithms can help doctors review hospital cases and avoid denials.

By freeing up hours and vital productivity resources, medical professionals have more time to help and interact with patients.

(Video) The Alignment Problem: Machine Learning and Human Values with Brian Christian

4. Research assistance

AI allows researchers to accumulate large amounts of data from multiple sources. The ability to tap into a rich and growing body of information allows for more effective analysis of deadly diseases. Regarding real-time data, research can benefit from the large amount of information available, as long as it is easy to translate.

Medical research organizations such as theChildhood Cancer Data Laboratorythey are developing useful software for clinicians to better navigate vast collections of data. AI has also been used to assess and detect symptoms earlier in the progression of a disease.telehealth solutionsthey are being deployed to track patient progress, retrieve vital diagnostic data, and contribute population information to shared networks.

5. It can reduce the doctor's stress

Somelatest searchreports that more than half of primary care physicians feel stressed by deadline pressures and other work conditions. AI helps streamline procedures, automate functions, instantly share data and organize operations, which helps relieve medical professionals from juggling many tasks.

Yang explains, “The biggest contributor to medical burnout is the patient load and the nature of the profession. However, as AI can help with more time-consuming operations, explaining diagnoses, for example, medical professionals may experience some stress relief.”

Limits of AI in Medicine

1. Need human surveillance

While AI has come a long way in the medical world,human surveillanceit is still essential. For example, surgical robots operate logically rather than empathetically. Healthcare professionals can jot down vital behavioral observations that can help diagnose or prevent medical complications.

(Video) Beyond ChatGPT: Stuart Russell on the Risks and Rewards of A.I.

“AI has been around for a few decades and continues to mature. As this field advances, there is more interaction between healthcare professionals and technology experts,” explains Yang. AI requires human input and review to be leveraged effectively.

As AI develops, the fields of technology and medicine are communicating more and more to improve technology. Yang adds, “Years of education are required for medical professionals to operate in their fields. Essential information collected from subject matter experts (SMEs) enriches the available data and enhances Explainable AI (XAI) to provide healthcare professionals with valuable and reliable information.”

2. You can ignore social variables

The patient's needs often extend beyond immediate physical conditions. Social, economic, and historical factors can influence appropriate recommendations for individual patients. For example, an AI system might assign a patient to a particular care facility based on a specific diagnosis. However, this system may not take into account the patient's financial constraints or other personalized preferences.

Privacy also becomes an issue when incorporating an AI system. Brands like Amazon have free rein when it comes to collecting and leveraging data. Hospitals, on the other hand, may face some setbacks when trying to funnel data from Apple's mobile devices, for example. These regulatory and societal constraints could limit AI's ability to facilitate medical practices.

3. It can lead to unemployment

While AI can help reduce costs and relieve pressure on the physician, it can also make some jobs redundant. This variable can result in the displacement of professionals who invested time and money in health education, presenting equity challenges.

(Video) Artificial Intelligence and Rapidly Changing Technology with Daniel Khashabi, PhD

A 2018 World Economic Forum report projected that AI would create 58 million net jobs by 2022. However, that same study concludes that 75 million jobs will be displaced or destroyed by AI at the same time. The main reason for this elimination of job opportunities is that, as AI is more embedded in different industries, roles that involve repetitive tasks will become redundant.

While AI promises to improve many aspects of health and medicine, it is vital to consider the societal ramifications of integrating this technology.

4. Inaccuracies are still possible

Medical AI relies heavily on available diagnostic data from millions of cataloged cases. In cases where there is little data on certain diseases, demographics or environmental factors, an incorrect diagnosis is entirely possible. This factor becomes especially important when a particular drug is prescribed.

Commenting on this data gap, Yang says, “No matter the system, there is always one piece of data missing. In the case of prescriptions, some information about certain populations and reactions to treatments may be missing. This occurrence can lead to problems with the diagnosis and treatment of patients belonging to certain demographic groups.”

AI is constantly evolving and improving to make up for data gaps. However, it is important to note that specific populations may still be excluded from existing domain knowledge.

(Video) Ethics and the Future of AI

5. Susceptible to security risks

As AI often relies on data networks, AI systems are susceptible to security risks. With the onset of offensive AI, enhanced cybersecurity will be needed to ensure the technology is sustainable. According toa Forrester consultancy, 88% of decision makers in the security industry are convinced that offensive AI is an emerging threat.

As AI uses data to make systems smarter and more accurate, cyberattacks will incorporate AI to get smarter with every success and failure, making them harder to predict and prevent. Once harmful threats get past security defenses, the attacks become much more difficult to deal with.

Should artificial intelligence be used in healthcare?

AI certainly has the potential to improve healthcare systems. Automating tedious tasks can free up physicians' schedules to allow for more patient interaction. Improving data accessibility helps healthcare professionals take the right steps to prevent disease. Real-time data can inform diagnoses better and faster. AI is being implemented to reduce administrative errors and save vital resources. SMEs are increasingly involved in AI development, making the technology more applicable and better informed. AI is being increasingly applied in healthcare, and limits and challenges continue to be overcome. AI still requires some human vigilance, can exclude social variables, has gaps in population information, and is susceptible to increasingly calculated cyberattacks. Despite some of the challenges and limits that AI faces, this innovative technology promises extraordinary benefits for the medical sector. Whether you're a patient or a doctor, life everywhere is improving thanks to AI.


What are the main advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence? ›

The advantages range from streamlining, saving time, eliminating biases, and automating repetitive tasks, just to name a few. The disadvantages are things like costly implementation, potential human job loss, and lack of emotion and creativity.

What are the advantages of artificial intelligence in medicine? ›

Firstly, it is able to improve drug design and find promising drug combinations. In addition, it can address many of the challenges Big Data poses to the life sciences industry. Reducing errors in diagnostic imaging: AI already plays a crucial role in medical imaging today.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence in healthcare settings? ›

Pros and Cons of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare
  • AI makes healthcare more accessible. ...
  • AI-powered techniques aid in the detection of early disease risks. ...
  • AI as unique and unrivalled assistance in surgery. ...

What are the disadvantages of AI in medicine? ›

Inaccuracies Are Still Possible

Medical AI depends heavily on diagnosis data available from millions of catalogued cases. In cases where little data exists on particular illnesses, demographics, or environmental factors, a misdiagnosis is entirely possible.

What are 3 advantages of AI? ›

What are the advantages of Artificial Intelligence?
  • AI drives down the time taken to perform a task. ...
  • AI enables the execution of hitherto complex tasks without significant cost outlays.
  • AI operates 24x7 without interruption or breaks and has no downtime.
  • AI augments the capabilities of differently abled individuals.

What is the impact of artificial intelligence in healthcare? ›

It can increase productivity and the efficiency of care delivery and allow healthcare systems to provide more and better care to more people. AI can help improve the experience of healthcare practitioners, enabling them to spend more time in direct patient care and reducing burnout. What is generative AI?

What are the risks of AI in healthcare? ›

One of the biggest risks is the potential for data breaches. As health care providers create, receive, store and transmit large quantities of sensitive patient data, they become targets for cybercriminals. Bad actors can and will attack vulnerabilities anywhere along the AI data pipeline.

What are 3 negative impacts of AI on society? ›

These negative effects include unemployment, bias, terrorism, and risks to privacy, which the paper will discuss in detail.

What are the three problems of artificial intelligence? ›

The problems include Safety, Trust, Computation Power, Job Loss concern, etc.

What is the advantage and disadvantages? ›

A disadvantage is the opposite of an advantage, a lucky or favorable circumstance. At the root of both words is the Old French avant, "at the front." Definitions of disadvantage. the quality of having an inferior or less favorable position. Antonyms: advantage, vantage.

What are the 4 types of artificial intelligence? ›

4 main types of artificial intelligence
  • Reactive machines. Reactive machines are AI systems that have no memory and are task specific, meaning that an input always delivers the same output. ...
  • Limited memory. The next type of AI in its evolution is limited memory. ...
  • Theory of mind. ...
  • Self-awareness.
Jan 12, 2023

Will AI benefit us or harm us? ›

The benefit of artificial intelligence is that it takes care of all repetitive tasks. So, you can improve your business's efficiency and reduce stress on your employees. Your employees will be able to perform complex business tasks requiring manual intervention.

How will AI benefit the future? ›

One of the most obvious ways AI is shaping the future is through automation. With the help of machine learning, computers can now perform tasks that were once only possible for humans to complete. This includes tasks such as data entry, customer service, and even driving cars.

Why AI is better than humans? ›

The processing of data and commands is essential to the operation of AI-powered devices. When it comes to speed, humans are no match for artificial intelligence or robots. Computers have the ability to process far more information at a higher pace than individuals do.

What is the conclusion of AI in healthcare? ›


It offers multiple advantages over traditional analytics and other clinical decision-making tools. Data becomes more precise and accurate allowing the healthcare industry to have more insights into the diagnosis and treatment processes thereby improving patient outcomes.

Why AI is failing in healthcare? ›

Lack of understanding: Despite the potential benefits of AI in healthcare, many people, including healthcare professionals, are still not familiar with the technology. This lack of understanding can make it difficult to implement AI systems in healthcare settings.

Why we Cannot trust artificial intelligence in medicine? ›

Patients place their health in physicians' voluntary responsibility and discretion and believe in physicians' benevolent motives. AI does not have voluntary agency and cannot be said to have motives or character. These arguments have significance beyond semantics.

What are the 4 risks dangers of AI? ›

Some of the biggest risks today include things like consumer privacy, biased programming, danger to humans, and unclear legal regulation.

What are the negative effects of AI? ›

AI systems learn from training data, by which they learn to make decisions. These data may contain biased human decisions or represent historical or social inequalities. Likewise, the bias could enter directly into the programming of the human being who designs the system, based on their own biases.

What are the disadvantages of intelligence? ›

6 surprising downsides of being extremely intelligent
  • You often think instead of feel. ...
  • People frequently expect you to be a top performer. ...
  • People may get annoyed that you keep correcting them in casual conversation. ...
  • You understand how much you don't know.
Jul 25, 2016

What are the advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence in education? ›

Advantages: Personalised learning can improve student motivation and engagement, resulting in better academic performance. Disadvantages: There is a risk of students becoming too reliant on AI tools, which may limit their ability to think critically and independently.

How is AI helping in the healthcare industry? ›

The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare has been groundbreaking, reshaping the way we diagnose, treat and monitor patients. This technology is drastically improving healthcare research and outcomes by producing more accurate diagnoses and enabling more personalized treatments.

How does AI make humans lazy? ›

Automating everyday work is one of the ways AI has made people lazy. Machines that can carry out the same duties more rapidly and correctly have taken the place of many jobs, especially in the industrial and service sectors. As a result, there is no longer a need for human labor, giving people more free time.

What is the argument against AI? ›

But there are many ethical challenges: Lack of transparency of AI tools: AI decisions are not always intelligible to humans. AI is not neutral: AI-based decisions are susceptible to inaccuracies, discriminatory outcomes, embedded or inserted bias. Surveillance practices for data gathering and privacy of court users.

What is an example of unethical AI? ›

Examples of Unethical AI

The AI software was designed to look through resumes of potential candidates and choose those that were most qualified for the position. However, since the AI had learned from a biased data set that included primarily male resumes, it was much less likely to select female candidates.

What are the disadvantages of artificial narrow intelligence? ›

Disadvantages. Still, narrow AI systems can only do what they are designed to do and can only make decisions based on their training data. A retailer's customer-service chatbot, for example, could answer questions regarding store hours, item prices or the store's return policy.

What is AI technology in healthcare? ›

AI in healthcare is an umbrella term to describe the application of machine learning (ML) algorithms and other cognitive technologies in medical settings. In the simplest sense, AI is when computers and other machines mimic human cognition, and are capable of learning, thinking, and making decisions or taking actions.

How does artificial intelligence affect society? ›

AI has the potential to bring about numerous positive changes in society, including enhanced productivity, improved healthcare, and increased access to education. AI-powered technologies can also help solve complex problems and make our daily lives easier and more convenient.

What is the conclusion of artificial intelligence? ›

Artificial intelligence has the potential to transform all organizations. The process by which this transformation happens can vary, but the steps will tend to follow the roadmap we have listed in this book.


1. Elon Musk on Artificial Intelligence Implications and Consequences
(ritm 1)
2. From Artificial Intelligence to Cybersecurity and Cognitive Security (CXOTalk #781)
3. Artificial Intelligence Full Course in 10 Hours [2023] | Artificial Intelligence Tutorial | Edureka
4. CEE Webinar of Artificial Intelligence: AI Uses and Ethics (Session Two)
(Center for Excellence in Education)
5. Artificial Intelligence: The Artificial Part Is Clear, but Is the Intelligence?
6. 5 Career Paths in Artificial intelligence
(Professor Ryan)


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Tyson Zemlak

Last Updated: 06/10/2023

Views: 5979

Rating: 4.2 / 5 (63 voted)

Reviews: 86% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Tyson Zemlak

Birthday: 1992-03-17

Address: Apt. 662 96191 Quigley Dam, Kubview, MA 42013

Phone: +441678032891

Job: Community-Services Orchestrator

Hobby: Coffee roasting, Calligraphy, Metalworking, Fashion, Vehicle restoration, Shopping, Photography

Introduction: My name is Tyson Zemlak, I am a excited, light, sparkling, super, open, fair, magnificent person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.