Inclusive language guide | OHSU (2023)

Inclusive language guide | OHSU (1)

Inclusive language puts our humanity at the center; It allows everyone to feel recognized, valued, invited, and motivated to contribute at the highest level. To become an anti-racist institution, OHSU must take concrete steps to transform our culture and the experiences of OHSU members and stakeholders. If our words change but our actions do not, we have failed. However, learning and using respectful and identity-forming language is key to creating a welcoming environment that is anti-racist and accepting of diversity as a whole.

The OHSU Inclusive Language Guide is intended to be an evolving tool to help OHSU members learn and use inclusive language in institutional communication, patient care (including table notes), instruction, and presentations. around the descriptors of:

  • race and ethnicity
  • immigration status
  • gender and sexual orientation
  • Ability (including physical, mental, and temporal traits)

This guidance is a direct response to requests from many OHSU members following President Danny Jacobs' June 2020 proclamation that OHSU will work to eliminate systemic racism. Campus leaders in diversity, equity and inclusion, and communications convened a six-person, diverse, multi-agency inclusive language project team. (See Appendix)

The team consulted with staff resource groups and other like-minded groups on campus, including students and interns, to rationalize and shape the guide's content. A total of 272 OHSU members participated in the survey. They agreed that a guide is needed to better focus and achieve the aspirations of respect for all. Additionally, their insights and feedback made the guide a unique reflection of OHSU, its members, and what it means for a wide range of people to feel seen and respected.

"I like the idea of ​​having an OHSU standard for identifying race and ethnicity," said one respondent. "Bringing this attention to respect and diversity will make me feel better about my employment at OHSU."

It will take time to update the language on all software platforms and applications like Epic and Oracle. Often gender and race related changes require discussions with vendors and development of status descriptors. In some cases, given the diversity of human identities and the imprecision and evolution of the descriptors, it is not possible to arrive at standard descriptors. But OHSU members have made it clear that education and guidance is needed whenever possible.


The goal of using inclusive language is not transactional: it is less about getting it right or wrong and more about a paradigm shift.

Like the adage that history is written by the victors, the discourse tends to be dominated by majority opinion in any given situation. In general, the discourse in American society has tended to focus on the experience of people who are white, straight, and cisgender (their gender identity corresponds to their sex assigned at birth) and view that experience as the norm and anything but for set an exception. or deviation. Rather, acknowledging and accepting difference shifts from the outset to the premise of acknowledging and inviting multiple perspectives and celebrating diversity rather than suppressing it.

The intent of this guide is to be less prescriptive and more educational. The more we understand about language, descriptors, and their meaning, the more consciously we can adjust to the way we speak and the impact of our words. In developing this guide, we used insights from respondents combined with academic and journalistic sources to offer the following principles to help you think about word choice:

identity is personal

Everyone has the right to describe themselves however they want. One respondent said: “As a fat person, the word obese offends me, as do many fat people. Many fat people are reclaiming the word "fat". Among people who fit the US Census description of Hispanics (from a Spanish-speaking country), the variety, and the ways in which people describe themselves, is tremendous. This guide provides information on common terms, but it is not a substitute for how people describe themselves.

I respect

Not everyone wants to reveal their identity. When leading a group or setting the stage for a conversation, create space for people to be who they are, how they want to be. One respondent said: “We need to give people a choice, on an individual level, about whether they want to reveal their individual identities. Respect for privacy is important."


When you first interact with people, describe your intention to use respectful language and ask, “How would you like me to address you?” One respondent suggested: “When you see a patient who comes from a culture or group you are not familiar with, you should ask how you can make them feel safe and respected.”

Share how you would like to be led in establishing a group discussion: “Welcome to our class. I'm the dr. Neville. My pronouns are she/her/hers. She identified me as Jamaican; That's where my parents come from. I grew up in Seattle. I would appreciate hearing how you would like each of you addressed or anything else you would like us to share so that we can honor our diversity and treat each other with respect. But what you share now or in the future is up to you, and if you want to share information with me privately, that's fine too. I just want everyone to feel invited to be who they are in this class."

if specific

We often hide behind vague words or generalizations when we feel uncomfortable, such as using the word "diverse" to refer to people who are not white and straight. But this is wrong. Diverse refers to two or more people who are different from each other. Diversity is not defined as a person or people who are different from you, as if you are the norm and they are different.

If it's relevant to refer to a broad spectrum of non-white people and indicate race, you could say "People of color and/or people who identify with other underrepresented groups" (when in fact they are underrepresented, such as in medicine or science). ). Or if you know the specific composition of a group, you could be specific.

As one survey participant said: "Since I started saying what I want to say instead of hiding behind vague terms, I've been much more effective at building relationships and making the necessary points than race-related issues can be." forward". Another said: "Use clear and unambiguous language."

…acknowledging and accepting difference early on moves towards the premise of acknowledging and inviting multiple perspectives and celebrating diversity rather than stifling it.

Sea reflective and intentional

When is it even appropriate to name a person's race or physical or mental characteristics? We recommend being attentive. For example, in a medical record, a provider suggested including race and other similar personal characteristics in the social history, but not in an introductory statement about a patient, where such characteristics can lead to bias. So instead of presenting the patient as a 25-year-old black woman, I would include her race in the social history because we know that a patient's race is a social determinant of health.

Be kind and affirmative

Sprache of people first

We are all human beings with different characteristics: a person living with a mental illness, a homosexual person or a heterosexual person. It is generally discouraged to start with the attribute as if that attribute defines the whole person, such as a person with a mental illness or an undocumented person. However, there are exceptions. Accepted terminology for people with transgender experience may include transgender person, transgender woman, or transgender man (the gender the person has transitioned into). "Identity First" leads with a defining attribute. For example, in the deaf community, "deaf" is acceptable. People on the autism spectrum often call themselves autistic. When in doubt, always ask how a person refers to themselves, or use slang in general, but be open to correction.

It is generally discouraged to start with the attribute as if that attribute defines the whole person, such as a person with a mental illness or an undocumented person.

avoid labels

Instead of "addict", use "a person with a substance use disorder". Instead of labeling a patient "noncompliant" in a medical record, say "did not complete treatment" or "stopped medication." When we label people, it's as if that word defines them completely and forever; it can also trigger prejudice in others. As humans, our characteristics can change over time. A person with a substance use disorder can also be a person in recovery.

Use language based on assets, not deficits

The goal is to focus on the strengths. Are hereexamplesfrom the world of scholarship writing:

asset based deficit-based
Our mission is to amplify the voices in our community. Our mission is to give a voice to the voiceless.
The communities we work with are strong and powerful. The communities we serve are strong and powerful.
The youth of our community are our future. We need to invest in them as leaders. We offer work to young people to discourage them from committing crimes.

intellectual humility

Admitting that you understand the importance of respectful language and that you intend to use respectful language shows and invites humility. At the same time, avoid burdening others with your learning curve. So instead of saying, "I really try to use inclusive language, but sometimes I mess up, so let me relax a bit," try, "I'm learning more about inclusive language and will do my best to understand it." Okay." Thank you for your patience.

gender neutral language

"You" or "Ladies and gentlemen" can be "All of you" or "Guys" or "Welcome everyone." to include people who identify as transgender or non-binary. This is equally important in other areas where gendered language is prevalent. For example, "pregnant person or person" instead of "pregnant woman or woman." Other examples might be "parents" instead of "mother(s) and father(s)" or "siblings" instead of "sister" or "brother" or "president" instead of "president." Gender neutral language can also be used in the clinical setting when discussing anatomy or parts of the body.


OHSU uses theassociated press style guideon communication platforms. AP's close attention to evolving language has resulted in continued confidence in this tool.


In the summer of 2020, AP began to capitalize on Black people in racial, ethnic, or cultural terms and instilled an essential and shared sense of history, identity, and community among people who identify as Black, including those in the African Diaspora and within from Africa. . The lowercase black refers to color, not a person.


It is written with a capital letter when it comes to the original inhabitants of a place. Both decisions are consistent with the longstanding capitalization of various racial and ethnic identifiers, such as Latino, Asian American, and Native American or American Indian.


The AP does not capitalize "brown" as "brown people" because it is a broad and imprecise term unless capitalized in a direct quote. Interpretations of what the term implies vary widely, with many people finding "brown people" offensive or demeaning.


The AP continues to downplay the term white in racial, ethnic, and cultural meanings. The AP argues that whites generally do not share the same history, culture, or experience of being discriminated against because of the color of their skin. AP agrees that the white race contributes to systemic injustice. But capitalizing the term, as white supremacists do, risks subtly lending legitimacy to such beliefs. The AP acknowledges that some see this decision as contradictory or discriminatory. Others say that capitalizing the term could bring whites closer to discussions of race and equality. The AP plans to follow how the thinking evolves and review the decision periodically.

Inclusive language guide | OHSU (2)

race and ethnicity

The following is intended to educate about descriptions of race and ethnicity to help choose respectful and affirming language when dealing with individuals and groups in general:

General terms related to individuals/groups

(Video) Inclusive Language Guide


It stands for Black, Indigenous, and People of Color. Some people and groups have embraced this descriptor, while others feel alienated or slighted by it. "People of color" is also common, but some point out that white is also a color, don't want to be defined by the color of their skin, or find the term "different." Others point out that BIPOC focuses on race/ethnicity, not gender or other forms of diversity. In general, when you want to refer to racial or ethnic groups other than white, non-Hispanic people in general, this guide recommends "black, indigenous, Hispanic, Asian, and other people of color" as a broad term and the use of more specific descriptions when known or relevant.

This guidance recommends “black, indigenous, Hispanic, Asian, and other people of color” as a broad term and the use of more specific descriptors where known or relevant.


The general term "underrepresented" or "members of underrepresented groups" is appropriate and is especially preferred when one can be specific and precise. For example: African American students and/or transgender students are "underrepresented in medicine" or "underrepresented in dentistry." An appropriate reference would be: "One of the goals of the scholarships is to provide financial support to students who identify with underrepresented groups."

  • Not all people of color are underrepresented in the health care professions. People who identify as Asian (a large and diverse category) are not underrepresented in medicine, for example. That doesn't mean they don't experience racism or discrimination. And several Asian subgroups, such as B. Pacific Islanders are underrepresented in medicine.
  • The term "minority" (or "underrepresented minority") focuses on people in the majority, usually white, and does not take into account the fact that in some groups "minorities" are actually the majority. (Some prefer the term "minority" to reflect the active subservience of a group of people; still others find the term offensive because it suggests a lack of agency among the individuals to whom it applies.)

Underrepresented: The general term "underrepresented" or "members of underrepresented groups" is appropriate and is especially preferred when one can be specific and precise.

Specific terms for certain groups

  • Expression
  • Definition
American Indians or Alaska Natives

"American Indian or Alaska Native" (AI/AN) includes any individual who identifies with and maintains a tribal or community affiliation with any of the Native peoples of North America.Oregon has nine recognized tribes. Indigenous peoples use a variety of words to describe themselves and prefer different descriptions used by others. Some say Indian or Native American, although both are white European constructions. Most identify with their specific nation, such as being a member of the Navajo Nation. Respectful, the general terms are indigenous peoples or original peoples.Learn more. (See Mesoamerican Natives in Hispanic/Latino/Latinx.)

arabic and arabic

Arab is a general term for a pan-ethnic group of people made up of many ethnic groups. In general, and even more so today, Arabs come from member states of theLiga Arabe, 22 nations and territories formed in 1945. However, there are people living in Arab countries who do not consider themselves Arab, such as the Kurds.

Arabs are not necessarily Arabs either. Arabs are people from the countries of the Arabian Peninsula. The Arabian Peninsula is now home to the Arab peoples, so it could be said that Arabs are Arabs, but not all Arabs are Arabs, as many live on the peninsula. The Arab peoples are united by a shared identity of culture and history.

Most Arabs speak Arabic, which is a language and is not meant to refer to people, although you could say "people who speak Arabic". (See also Middle East.)


A person who identifies with one or more nationalities or ethnic groups from the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.

Black/African American

The broader term is black people, which denotes a shared sense of identity and experience in this country in terms of race and is not limited by "male" or "female" gender. Blacks have their origins in many countries, languages, and ethnicities.

African American is technically correct for individuals and groups who identify as Americans and trace their ancestry to Africa. Afro-Caribbean American refers to people who identify as American and have ancestry in both Africa and the Caribbean. Caribbean American denotes those who identify as American and solely of Caribbean descent. There are many other variations.

An African is a person of African descent. Africans can be of different races. Some do not identify with black or African-American culture.

Middle East

A person or descendant from the Middle East. The countries of the Middle East are: Bahrain, Cyprus,Egypt, Iran, Iraq,Israel, Jordan,Kuwait, Lebanon, Northern Cyprus, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria,There, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.Afghanistanand Pakistan, are not included in the Middle East. These nations tooAlgeria, Libya, Tunisia and even Djibouti and Somalia have been mentioned as part of the Greater Middle East.

native Hawaiian

A person who is a native Hawaiian or descendant. They are the native Polynesians of the Hawaiian islanders and/or their descendants.

pacific islanders

A person who identifies as or is of Pacific Islander or ancestral descent. The three main subregions include Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia. A US census term used to refer to one of eight groups: Fijians, Guamanians, Hawaiians, Northern Mariana Islanders, Palauans, Samoans, Tahitians, and Tongans.filipino.


Persian can refer to people from Iran and a language. But when it comes to people, Persians are Iranians who speak the Persian language (Farsi). The term Persian people historically meant "of Persis" located near Pars, Iran, north of the Persian Gulf. By this definition, not all Iranians are Persian, but all Persians are nationally Iranian.

However, some now refer to the Persian people as a pan-ethnic group (like the Arab people). If it is not clear, please describe someone from Iran as Iranian. Also, many Iranians use "Persian" to indicate a local rather than an ethnic distinction. So there may be non-Persians (non-Farsi speakers) who confuse Iranians with Persians, since they are from the Persian region.Learn more at

Rome, Rome, Rome

The Roma or Roma (also spelled Romani) are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group. Oregon has a large Roma community. They are often called "gypsies", but this is a term with negative connotations of illegal activities and many Roma do not identify with it. Romany (with a y) usually refers specifically to Romanichals, the native subgroup of Roma in England.Learn about the history of the Roma in Oregon.

Russians and Russian Old Believers

It is appropriate to use the phrase "a person from Russia" to refer to people (regardless of their religion) originating from that country. But being from Russia can be different than identifying ethnically as Russian. Like China, Russia is home to many ethnic groups such as Chechens and Tatars. "He is from Russia" is appropriate, but "he is Russian" may be inaccurate. A subgroup identifies as Russian Orthodox Old Believers (starovery). They are descendants of medieval Russians who refused to adopt the ecclesiastical reforms of the mid-17th century, considering them sacrilegious. Therefore, the Old Believers are also called Old Ritualists (staroobryadtsy). Many Russian Old Believers live in Oregon.Learn about the Old Believers in Oregon.

Hispano o latino/Latina/Latinx

Hispanic, which includes descendants from all Spanish-speaking countries, or Latino/Latina/Latinx, or Latino/Latinx, which refers to people of Latino descent, are acceptable broad descriptors. The latter stands for masculine (Latino), feminine (Latina), and non-binary (Latinx). Learn more:



In general it refers to the geography, that is, of Latin America, which is any place in America that speaks a language descended from a Romance Latin language. Includes US, Caribbean and Brazil below.


Latino was adopted in the US as early as the 1940s, eventually being shortened from Latin American Spanish, or Latin America. The United States Census introduced the term Latino in the year 2000 and the term Hispanic 20 years earlier.


Hispanic and Latino can be considered interchangeable terms to describe the ethnicity and heritage of a population that makes up nearly 20 percent of the United States population.



Describes a person who is from, or has heritage from, a Spanish-speaking country. Speaking Spanish is not a requirement. Includes Spain but excludes Brazil, where Portuguese is spoken.


Hispanic refers to Spain and its people from the Iberian Peninsula. Hispano derives from the Latin Hispānicus, origin of the name Spain. First recorded in English in the late 16th century. Hispano reflects the imperialist history of Spain as a European colonizer in Latin America.


During the civil rights movement, there was a call to recognize the Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban populations in the United States. The term Hispanic was adopted as a federal heritage category established in the 1980 United States Census. The term caught on with the support of Spanish-language television and became a commonly accepted label.



Term used to describe people of Hispanic origin or descent. This term is a gender neutral or non-binary alternative to Latino or Latina.listen to the pronunciation.

(Latin is also an emergent gender-neutral descriptor.)


A new gender-neutral pan-ethnic label, Latinx, has emerged as an alternative to describe Hispanics/Latinos. Latinx have been around since 2004, but rose to prominence after the 2016 Pulse nightclub shootings in Orlando, Florida. This term tends to be used more by younger people and those who identify as LGBTQ.


The Pew Research Center national survey found that one in four US Hispanics/Latinos have heard of Latinx, but only 3 percent use it. Some call it linguistic imperialism: English controls the Spanish language; Latinx does not correspond to Spanish grammar or conventional speech. The Royal Spanish Academy, custodian of the Spanish language, rejected the term. Merriam-Webster added it in 2018.

Mexican-American, Chicana, Cuban, Guatemalan, Puerto Rican, Dominican, Dominican, Puerto Rican, etc.


Personalismo: Personalization in Latino culture means building trust to build relationships.


Personalized: people tend to identify with or be influenced by their origins, roots and/or heritage in Spain or in a Latin American country.


Many first acknowledge their origins before deciding to be Hispanic or Latino. I am Mexican, I am Otomi, I am Dominican.

(Video) Comedian on Oxfam inclusive language guide

Mesoamerican Native Americans


Term used to describe the indigenous peoples of Mexico and Central America.


Historical Native American linguistics records more than 125 native languages ​​of Mesoamerica. The linguistic families include: Mesoamerica are Mayan, Mixe-Zoquean, Otomanguean, Tequistlatecan, Totonacan, Uto-Aztecan and Xinkan. Not everyone speaks Spanish.


Societies that thrived more than 1,000 years before the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Mesoamerican Amerindian/Indigenous cultures share a common origin in pre-Columbian civilizations.



Term used to describe the indigenous peoples of Mexico and Central America.


Historical Native American linguistics records more than 125 native languages ​​of Mesoamerica. The linguistic families include: Mesoamerica are Mayan, Mixe-Zoquean, Otomanguean, Tequistlatecan, Totonacan, Uto-Aztecan and Xinkan. Not everyone speaks Spanish.


Societies that thrived more than 1,000 years before the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Mesoamerican Amerindian/Indigenous cultures share a common origin in pre-Columbian civilizations.

*The Spanish language also uses the pronouns he, she, they, us and the formal and informal language – tú and tú.

immigration status and language skills

Just as American language has tended to focus on the white experience, descriptions of immigrant status tend to focus on and affirm those with citizenship. They tend to dehumanize, criminalize and/or denigrate people without citizenship. This diverts attention from the circumstances that prompted them to leave their countries and the obstacles to legitimacy they have encountered in the US, and places the "blame" solely on the individual or family. Inclusive language around immigration status affirms and acknowledges the legitimacy of all as human beings:

immigration status

Instead of referring to non-citizen residents with such dehumanizing terms as alien or illegal alien or simply illegal, the word “undocumented” is ideally recommended:

• The person or family is undocumented, not an undocumented family.
• Either the person or family is missing documentation; or there is no path to citizenship.

language skills

She speaks English as a second is considered insufficient since people can speak more than two languages.

emerging bilingualismis equally restrictive andEnglischlerneris paternalistic.

Privileged:He speaks English among other languages., oshe speaks spanish and is learning english, oSpanish or Japanese or Russian etc. is your mother tongue.

Glossary of terms

  • Expression
  • Definition
American citizens

Individuals who were born in the United States or who have "naturalized" after becoming permanent residents of the United States. Eligible for all benefits like any other US citizen.

Permanent or conditional residents

Legal Permanent Residents (LPR) are those who have a "Green Card". A green card holder or lawful permanent resident is authorized to live and work permanently in the United States. Green card holders have all the benefits of US citizenship except voting.


People in this category are in the country legally, but only temporarily. Examples:

  • Students (F-1 Visa)
  • Business travelers or tourists (B1/B2 visas)
  • Girlfriends (K-1 Visa)
  • Persons with temporary protection status

People who are in the US without a permit are undocumented because they overstayed the limit of a legal temporary visa or entered the US without going through a port of entry. They have no right to work or use public services. If you do not have papers, you risk being deported. This creates a very stressful and unstable living situation.

Inclusive language guide | OHSU (3)

gender, gender, gender identity and sexual orientation

Sex is a designation, usually male or female, assigned to you at birth based on your genitalia and chromosomes. It's on his birth certificate. Sexual diversity also includes intersex. This is a general term used to describe people who are born with chromosomes, hormones, and/or anatomy that are not typically male or female. Intersex people can be of any gender, including transgender or gender non-binary.

Gender is a social and legal status and a set of expectations of society regarding behaviors, characteristics and thoughts. Every culture has standards for how people should behave based on their gender, also generally male and female.

Gender identity is how you feel on the inside and how you express your gender through your clothing, behavior, and personal appearance. It is a feeling that begins very early in life.

Sexual orientation is an innate or enduring emotional, romantic, or sexual attraction to other people. Sexual orientation is not the same as gender identity nor is it independent of it.

Extensive references

The most comprehensive general reference is LGBTQIA+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, asexual, and other sexual and gender minorities). LGBTQ is also very widespread.

Glossary and Respectful Language Tips

  • sexual orientation

A person who does not experience sexual attraction.


A person who is emotionally, romantically, or sexually attracted to more than one sex, gender, or gender identity, although not necessarily simultaneously, in the same way, or to the same degree. Sometimes used interchangeably with pansexual.


A person who is emotionally, romantically, or sexually attracted to members of the same sex. Men, women, and non-binary people can use this term to describe themselves.

(Video) Inclusive Language | Camelia Bui | TEDxYouth@SSIS


A woman who is emotionally, romantically, or sexually attracted to other women. Women and non-binary people can use this term to describe themselves.

  • gender identity

Acronyms for Female Assigned at Birth and Male Assigned at Birth.


A general term to describe someone who has no gender.


Any non-LGBTQ person who helps or supports an LGBTQ person or the LGBTQ community; it is also used in the context of race, as in "white ally" for people of color or "white accomplice".

assigned sex

The gender a person is identified with at birth, usually based on their anatomy.


People who identify with their assigned gender. From the Latin prefix cis- meaning "this side of" as opposed to trans- meaning "beyond".

gender affirmation surgery

Any surgery that alters a person's body to conform to the person's gender identity. This can include breast reconstruction (commonly called upper surgery), genital reconstruction (also called lower surgery), and other physical changes.

gender dysphoria

A person's deep dissatisfaction, fear, or despair at the discrepancy between their gender identity and their assigned gender. Not all transgender people have dysphoria.

gender expression

The outward way people reveal their gender. This can be done through your name, pronouns, appearance, voice, gestures, and other means. The gender expression of transgender people often corresponds to their gender identity. But gender expression does not always conform to the roles defined by society.

gender fluid

That means having a gender identity that changes over the long term, from day to day, or any other timeline.

gender identity

A person's inner sense of their gender, whether masculine, feminine, a combination of both, fluid, or neither. The gender identity of transgender people differs from the gender they were assigned at birth. Your gender identity may not be obvious to other people.

opposite sex

A descriptive term for people whose gender identity or expression does not conform to traditional masculine and feminine roles and behaviors. It does not necessarily mean transgender. For example, someone who was assigned male at birth and identifies as a male whose gender expression does not conform to traditional masculine roles may be considered gender non-conforming but not transgender.


Another term for genderless.


This is a general term used to describe people who are born with chromosomes, hormones, and/or anatomy that are not typically male or female. Intersex people can be of any gender, including transgender or gender non-binary.


Identify as two or more genders. People who identify as bi-gender may refer to themselves as bigenders.


Anyone who does not identify as male or female. Some non-binary people consider themselves transgender; others not


A generic term used to describe people whose gender identity or gender expression differs from the gender they were assigned at birth. Not all transgender people change their bodies through hormones or surgery, and not all combine their gender identity with their gender expression. Transgender is sometimes abbreviated as trans. It is also not used as a noun.


The process of aligning gender expression with gender identity. The transition is different for each transgender person. Some make social changes, such as B. using a different name and different pronouns or wearing different clothes. Some use hormone therapy to make physical and emotional changes. Others choose surgery. Many choose a combination. The transition can be public, including notifying family, friends, and co-workers. This may include changing your name and gender on legal documents. Or it can be private.

Terms to Avoid

Most of the time, the gender of a person does not matter. If it's relevant to a transgender person, there are ways to be respectful. Conditions vary by region, the ever-evolving language, and other factors. In some cases, a person may find that one of the following terms best describes their experience. But generally these terms are outdated and we avoid them.

Biological male/female, born male/female

Considered pejorative. Use "male/female assigned at birth" or "male/female assigned at birth."

gender identity disorder

This is an outdated medical and psychological term for gender dysphoria.


Outdated and offensive term for intersex.


Old acronyms for male to female and female to male. Instead, transgender woman and transgender man are commonly accepted terms.

preferred noun, preferred pronoun

Like everyone else, a transgender person's name and pronouns are what they call themselves, not what they would like to be called. Avoid "real name" for the same reason.

W preoperative, postoperative

The fact that a transgender person has undergone gender-affirming surgery may have nothing to do with transitioning. It's usually an invasion of privacy to describe someone in those terms.

Sex reassignment surgery

Many, and not all, transgender people who undergo surgery see themselves as validating their gender, not changing it. Gender affirming surgery is preferred.

sexual orientation

This refers to a person's romantic or sexual attraction to others. It is not the same as gender identity.


Offensive to most transgender people, although some use it to describe themselves.


Incorrect adjective for transgender, the same as saying someone is "male" or "female."


An old adjective for people who have changed or want to change their body to accommodate their gender identity. Some transgender people use the word to describe themselves, but many don't.

Recommended course of action

If you're not sure what name or pronoun someone is using, ask politely. It's usually okay to ask, "What pronouns do you use?" Remember, it's not about which pronouns they "prefer".

Do your best to use a person's name and pronouns consistently, even if you know the person by a different name.

Acknowledge any speech errors you make and how they might make the person feel.

Talking about a transgender person's past identity is called deadnaming. It is a lack of respect. If you don't know how to relate to someone in the past, ask. If the person doesn't want to talk about it, respect that.

Learn more

Coalition for Human Rights

University of Maryland Center for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Equality

Glossary of LGBT terms-National Center for LGBT Health Education |in Spanish

How to be human: talking to transgender or non-binary

Understanding Transgender People: The Basics- National Center for Transgender Equality

Standards of Care Version 7: Glossary-World Professional Association for Transgender Health (scroll to page 95 for glossary)

Glossary of terms- Human rights campaign

Glossary of terms- Transgender, Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation

The Radical Copyeditor's Style Guide for Writing About Transgender People

Ability, physical, mental and chronological characteristics

Follow a glossary that encourages language around physical, mental, and chronological abilities and characteristics. The disability community is by definition inclusive and intersectional. At the request of OHSU members, we have also added a weight and age segment.

respectful language

  • Expression
  • Definition

Discrimination in favor of people who are not productive. "Will you come to my office after your meeting to collect the documents?"


A person without physical disabilities.


Age discrimination: Usually negative stereotyping of older adults or the aging process, but also patronizing or underestimating the abilities of younger people.More information on Wikipedia.

autism spectrum disorder

A complex developmental condition involving persistent challenges in social interaction, language, and nonverbal communication, as well as restricted/repetitive behaviors. The effects and severity are different for each person. The preferred common language is a person with autism spectrum disorder or a person on the autism spectrum, but many in this community self-identify as autistic. (See the above reference in the Principles section on Human-Oriented Language vs. Identity-Oriented Language)

Autism spectrum disorder now includes the neurodevelopmental disorder Asperger syndrome, named for the German pediatrician Hans Asperger. dr. Asperger played a pioneering role in understandingAutism in the 1930s and 1940s, but in recent years it has been shown that he used the designation to consider some children intelligent and others unfit and sign the papers for them to go to a Nazi hospital where the children were sacrificed.

body weight

People who weigh more experience discrimination and stigma because they live in a larger body. A 2020 review looked at 33 studies on people's preferences for weight-related terminology. He identified the terms obesity and fat as the least acceptable among study participants (Puhl, 2020). However, some more obese people have claimed the term “fat” and self-identify this way (Meadows & Daníelsdóttir, 2016). If a fatter person encourages you to describe them as fat, then it is appropriate to do so, otherwise "heavier weight" or "bigger body" is preferred.

This does not change the recommendation not to use the term to describe a person unless encouraged by that person.

Person Taube

Person who is part of the deaf community. The deaf community has its own culture, language(s).See the Diversity Style Guide for more information..

hearing impaired people

A term used to describe a person who typically has mild to moderate hearing loss.

Hidden/invisible disability

A non-apparent/hidden/invisible condition that severely limits one or more major life activities, including those with non-apparent visual or hearing impairments or repetitive strain injuries.Learn more about hidden/invisible disabilities.


An adjective most commonly used to describe people with autism or others with neurologically atypical patterns of thinking or behavior.


An adjective used to describe people with typical developmental, intellectual, and cognitive abilities. It is generally used in contrast to people who are neurodiverse.

obvious disability

A manifestation of the body that indicates some kind of disability.

people with disabilities / people with disabilities

This represents the language of the person first; See the person, not the disability. Widely used, but not universally, in the disability community. For example, deaf and autistic people (neurodiverse people) prefer the respective adjectives before the word people. People with disabilities are not all the same.

Sanismo (Mentalismo)

A form of discrimination and oppression of a mental trait or condition that a person has or is believed to have. Discrimination/oppression often occurs through stock phrases, ie; "crazy talk", "mental case", "crazy", "crazy", "crazy", etc.

substance use disorder

A disease that affects a person's brain and behavior, resulting in the uncontrollable use of medications or drugs, legal or illegal. Use in place of "drug addict" or "drug addict."

Recommended course of action

Don't try to diagnose or define a person in casual conversation. Examples: This person is on the spectrum. This person is bipolar.

When you first meet someone with a visible disability, don't start with: What happened to him? Why do you walk like this? Why are you in a wheelchair? Get to know a person before you ask them, if at all, about their disability. When a person shares their experience, it's okay to highlight it if it sounds like he wants to talk about it or just wants to say, thanks for sharing this with me.

(Video) Oxfam Under Fire For 92-page “Inclusive” Language Guide: “It’s An Attack On The UK”

Avoid trying to relate to a person with a disability by referring to people you know. Examples: Hey, (my sister) (my friend) is (in a wheelchair) (blind) (deaf), etc.; There was a kid at my daughter's school who... Those statements are natural associations that occur in your mind but they can seem pretentious, like you know what it's like to be her. If a person with a disability mentions their disability, it's okay to talk about it, but keep it in context. For example, if a person says that they have a spinal cord injury, don't ask a very personal question, such as: B. how they dress or use the bathroom. Stay within the area the person is entering.

Don't start conversations with false flattery. Examples: I couldn't do what I was supposed to do. you are an inspiration Start conversations as you would with a person who does not have a visible disability; about the weather, parking, coffee, or just “How are you?

Terms to Avoid

language of the abelists

  • ​​​​​​Amp/amputee
  • crippled, crippled
  • Diabetic
  • Cañutillo
  • disabled
  • Invalid
  • Lahm
  • Spaz
  • Spectrum/Above Spectrum
  • Confined to a wheelchair or tied to a wheelchair (wheelchairs are mobility devices and people are not trapped in them)
  • Hearing impairment is a less popular term in the deaf or hard of hearing community, as the word disabled can have negative connotations and focuses on what a person cannot do.

sanist language

  • addicted, addicted
  • Bipolar
  • Loco
  • loco
  • drug addict
  • baby drying
  • disabled
  • Idiot
  • fool
  • Loco
  • Invalid
  • Loco
  • manic
  • Loco
  • walnuts
  • opioid addiction
  • Delayed and variants, including words with the -tard prefix.
  • Strange

Glossary of terms and definitions

  • Expression
  • Definition

The extent to which a facility is easily accessible and usable for people with disabilities, particularly areas such as dormitories, classrooms, and common areas.


prejudices and discriminatory acts due to age differences; generally that of younger versus older individuals.


Someone who will commit and strive to acknowledge their privilege (based on gender, class, race, sexual identity, etc.) and work in solidarity with oppressed groups in the fight for justice and understand that it is in their best interest to end all forms of oppression, including those from which they could specifically benefit.

anti racist

An anti-racist is a person who, through their actions, supports anti-racist policies or expresses anti-racist ideas. This includes expressing or imagining that racial groups are equal and do not need to develop, and supporting strategies to reduce racial inequality.


The Council for the Democratization of Education defines anti-blackness as a two-pronged formation that devalues ​​blackness and systematically marginalizes black people and their issues. The first form of anti-blackness is overt racism. Beneath this anti-black racism is the covert structural and systemic racism that categorically shapes the socioeconomic status of blacks in this country. The structure is sustained by anti-black policies, institutions and ideologies.

active viewer

Someone who steps in to stop, support, or constructively address inappropriate or harmful behaviors, language, or situations.


A subjective opinion, preference, prejudice, or bias, often formed without reasonable justification, that affects the ability of an individual or group to objectively or accurately assess a situation.

bold room

It honors and encourages the full participation of those at risk while setting the expectation that there may be a distressing moment for which the facilitator and allies are responsible.


Someone who observes or becomes aware of behaviors, language, or situations that are or may be inappropriate or harmful to the community.


Belief in treating everyone "equal" by treating everyone equally; based on the assumption that differences are inherently bad or problematic and therefore best ignored (eg, "I don't see race, gender, etc.").


A form of prejudice or discrimination in which people are treated differently because of the social importance associated with skin color.

cultural competence

The ability to interact effectively with people from different cultures is more of a learned/taught condition.

cultural humility

An interpersonal attitude that is open to individuals and communities of different cultures regarding the aspects of cultural identity that are most important to the person. Cultural humility can include a lifelong commitment to self-criticism about cultural differences and a commitment to actively acknowledge and address power imbalances between cultures.

Cultural White Privilege

A set of dominant cultural assumptions about what is good, normal, or appropriate that reflects the worldviews of white Western Europe and rejects or demonizes other worldviews.


Actions based on conscious or unconscious biases that favor one group over another in the provision of goods, services, or opportunities. Treating members of different groups unequally based on race, gender, social class, sexual orientation, physical ability, religion, and/or other categories.


Treat everyone equally, often assuming everyone has the same rights or starts with the same opportunities.

Capital social

Work to achieve fair results for individuals or groups by treating them in ways that address their unique benefits or barriers.

hate crime

Hate crime legislation often defines a hate crime as a crime motivated by a person's actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, gender, disability, or sexual orientation. .


The act of creating engagement, environments and empowerment in which any person or group can be welcomed, respected, supported and valued to fully participate. An inclusive and welcoming climate with equal access to opportunities and resources accepts differences and offers respect in word and deed for all people.

individual racism

Beliefs, attitudes, and actions of individuals who consciously and unconsciously support or perpetuate racism.

interpersonal racism

Insults, prejudices or hateful works and actions.

institutional racism

Institutional racism refers specifically to the ways in which institutional policies and practices produce different results for different racial groups. Institutional policies may never mention a racial group, but their effect is to create advantage for whites, oppression, and disadvantage for people from groups classified as people of color.


Slang for a white woman who is acutely aware of her privilege and uses it as a weapon against those who identify with minority groups.


Slang for white males who are acutely aware of their privilege and use it as a weapon against those who identify with minority groups.


Ordinary daily verbal, behavioral, or environmental humiliation, whether intentional or not, that conveys hostile and derogatory racial slurs. These messages can be delivered verbally ("You speak good English"), non-verbally (squeezing bags with people of a certain race/ethnicity), or ecological (symbols like the Confederate flag or Native American mascots). Such messages are often outside the level of awareness of the perpetrators.

micro insults

Verbal and non-verbal communication that subtly conveys rudeness, insensitivity, and disparagement of a person's heritage or racial identity. An example is an employee asking a black colleague how he got his job, implying that he may have gotten it through positive action or a quota system.


Communications that subtly exclude deny or nullify the thoughts, feelings, or experiential reality of a person of color. For example, white Americans of Asian descent often ask where they were born, sending the message that they will be forever strangers in their own country.

exemplary minority

Refers to an ethnic, racial, or religious minority whose members achieve a higher level of success than the general population. This success is usually measured in terms of income, education, and related factors such as low crime rates and high family stability.


Undeserved social power given to ALL members of a dominant group by the formal and informal institutions of society.


Someone who, through their actions or interactions, supports a racist policy or expresses a racist idea.

racial profiling

Using race or ethnic origin as a reason to suspect that someone has committed a crime.

safe room

It refers to an environment in which everyone feels comfortable expressing themselves and participating fully without fear of being attacked, ridiculed, or denied of the experience.

Structural White Privilege

A white supremacist system that creates and perpetuates belief systems that normalize current racial advantage and disadvantage. The system contains strong incentives to maintain white privilege and its consequences, and strong negative consequences for attempting to disrupt white privilege or significantly reduce its consequences. The system includes internal and external manifestations at the individual, interpersonal, cultural, and institutional levels.

system of oppression

Harassment, discrimination, exploitation, discrimination, prejudice and other forms of unequal treatment, conscious and unconscious, not accidental and organized that affect different groups.


Hire or attempt to represent, such as B. some women and/or racial/ethnic minorities appear inclusive while remaining monocultural.

Unconscious bias (implicit bias)

Social stereotypes about certain groups of people that form individuals outside of their own awareness. Everyone has unconscious beliefs about different social and identity groups, and these biases stem from one's tendency to organize social worlds through categorization.


A broad social construct that encompasses white culture, history, ideology, race, expression and economics, experience, epistemology, and emotion and behavior, but that provides material, political, economic, and structural benefits to those socially considered white.

white brittleness

A state in which even the slightest amount of racial stress [for whites] becomes unbearable and triggers a series of defensive measures. These movements include the outward display of emotions such as anger, fear, and guilt, as well as behaviors such as arguing, staying silent, and leaving the stressful situation. These behaviors, in turn, serve to restore balance to the white race.

White Privilege

As a member of the dominant group, a white person may have better access or availability of resources because they are white in the US Life can be structured in such a way that they do not have to think daily about their skin color and questions, appearances and obstacles that these individuals of color endure and overcome. White privilege may be less apparent to some whites because of gender, age, sexual orientation, economic class, or physical or mental ability, but it is still a reality as a result of belonging to a white-dominated group.

white supremacy

White supremacy is a historically based and institutionally maintained system of exploitation and oppression of continents, nations, and people of color by white peoples and nations of the European continent for the purpose of maintaining and defending a system of wealth, power, and privilege.


Members of the inclusive language project team

The team met in late summer 2020 and finalized this guide in December.

Co-Chair Erin Hoover Barnett, B.A., Director of Communications, OHSU School of Medicine

Co-Vorsitzender Leslie Garcia, M.P.A., Assistant Director for Diversity, OHSU School of Medicine

Rosemarie Hemmings, Ph.D., LCSW, Director of Social Work, Assistant Professor of Community Dentistry, OHSU School of Dentistry

Ian Jaquiss, J.D., Acting Coordinator, Americans with Disabilities Act, OHSU Department of Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity (AAEO)

Octaviano Merecias, M.A., MBT Lead Diversity Trainer, OHSU Center for Diversity and Inclusion

Amy Penkin, MSW, LCSW, Programmleiterin, OHSU Transgender Health Program

Opinion poll

The Inclusive Language project team distributed a stakeholder survey in September 2020 to help shape the guide. Stakeholders have been defined as individuals active in campus affinity groups and/or who may have had experiences that should be considered in this guide, as well as individuals and teams whose work spans the realm of language used at OHSU, such as: . B. The OHSU Digital Engagement Team sets the tone for the language on the OHSU website.

More than 270 people from the following groups participated in the survey:

  • Skill Resource Group
  • Alliance for Visible Diversity in Science
  • anti-racism task force
  • Resource Group for Asians and Pacific Islanders
  • Black Employee Resource Group
  • Digital Engagement Team (Dig-E)
  • Diversity Action Council
  • Senate management of the faculty.
  • GME Diversity Committee
  • Health Advisory Academic Council
  • International Resource Group
  • Information Technology Group (ITG)
  • Justice Committee of the Knight Cancer Institute
  • Latin America Employee Resource Group
  • Marketing/Communications/Government Relations Teams
  • Resource group for associates in the Middle East
  • Native American Resource Group
  • Office for the Improvement and Innovation of Education
  • Resource group for older workers
  • Physical Access Committee
  • Pride Employee Resource Group
  • Diversity Committee of the Faculty of Medicine
  • Nursing School Diversity Committee
  • Social Work Group (OHSU and School of Dentistry level)
  • Leader of the student interest group.
  • Queer Student Health Alliance
  • Transgender-Gesundheitsprogramms Community Advisory Board
  • Unconscious Bias Campus-wide Initiative (UBCI) employee and trainer.
  • Veterans Employee Resource Group
  • Resource Group for Employed Women
  • Women in Health and Medicine Academics


How do you guide inclusive language? ›

Avoid words and phrases that indicate gender bias, such as irrelevant descriptions of appearance. Use descriptors of gender identity or sexual orientation as modifiers, not as nouns (for example, transgender person, cisgender person, or lesbian woman). Avoid guessing sex, gender identity, or sexual orientation.

What are the 4 criteria for inclusive language? ›

And when it comes to Inclusive Language, we recommend you use all four of our guideline categories: respectful language, gender-neutral language, person-first language, and writing conventions.

What is the inclusive language for Native Americans? ›

Native American, American Indian

Both are acceptable terms for those in the U.S. when referring to two or more people of different tribal affiliations.

What are 2 examples of inclusive language? ›

Examples of Inclusive Language

Using gendered language only when necessary, and always asking for preferred pronouns and using them. Not referencing age unless absolutely necessary. Changing the focus from disability to accessibility.

What is considered inclusive language? ›

The Linguistic Society of America (LSA) in its Guidelines for Inclusive Language, defines inclusive language as “language that acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities.”

What are the five 5 key points that constitute a language? ›

Linguists have identified five basic components (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics) found across languages.

What are the three key elements of inclusive practices? ›

Best practice in inclusive education requires access to and implementation of three major components: academic inclusion, social inclusion, physical inclusion.

What is the purpose of the inclusive language guide? ›

These guidelines aim to raise awareness, guide learning, and support the use of culturally sensitive terms and phrases that center the voices and perspectives of those who are often marginalized or stereotyped.

What is not inclusive language? ›

Not everyone born in a country stays there to live and work. And not everyone speaks English as a 1st language — “native English speaker” is another example of non-inclusive language. “Illegal alien” is offensive to people who are immigrants in any country.

What are examples of sentences with inclusive? ›

A standard double room is 278 a night inclusive of breakfast and dinner. I've gone to great lengths to be inclusive of all viewpoints. You have to be inclusive of everybody. 4,790 for a three-night stay, inclusive of flights.

What is inclusive example? ›

Being inclusive means that you act based on the belief that everyone has inalienable rights. For example, people have the right to: Express themselves without being penalised for certain differences. Choose an occupation and engage in work that pays a competitive wage and allows them to use their abilities.

Is it appropriate to say American Indian? ›

American Indian, Indian, Native American, or Native are acceptable and often used interchangeably in the United States; however, Native Peoples often have individual preferences on how they would like to be addressed. To find out which term is best, ask the person or group which term they prefer.

What do American Indians prefer to be called? ›

The consensus, however, is that whenever possible, Native people prefer to be called by their specific tribal name. In the United States, Native American has been widely used but is falling out of favor with some groups, and the terms American Indian or Indigenous American are preferred by many Native people.

What is culturally inclusive language? ›

choosing language that includes rather than excludes; choosing language that acknowledges, accepts and celebrates differences; choosing language that is welcoming to everyone.

What is an example of inclusive language in public speaking? ›

Examples of inclusive language include using gender-neutral phrases when talking to groups, acknowledging first-nations people in a speech, and using modern medical descriptors rather than outdated ones with negative connotations.

What is the opposite of inclusive language? ›

Discriminative — showing unjust or prejudice in the treatment of different categories of people, based on race, sex, age, disability, and more.

What are the 7 criteria of language? ›

147–57) has listed seven criteria that may be useful in discussing different kinds of languages. According to Bell, these criteria (standardization, vitality, historicity, autonomy, reduction, mixture, and de facto norms) may be used to distinguish certain languages from others.

What are the 7 elements of language? ›

Language courses include 7 language components that aim at developing learners' language competency. These are vocabulary, grammar, functions, reading, listening, speaking, and writing.

What are the 4 key language uses? ›

What are Key Language Uses? Key Language Uses—Narrate, Inform, Explain, and Argue—describe prominent ways that language is used in school. For example, every day students and teachers narrate, inform, explain, and argue.

What are the 3 R's of inclusive education? ›

The Science of 3Rs

Rights, Respect, Responsibility builds on 30 years of research into effective sexuality education programs, while respecting young people's right to the information they need to protect their health and make responsible decisions.

What is the 3 D model of inclusion? ›

The three dimensions of the framework are: Recognize, respect, and design for human uniqueness and variability. Use inclusive, open & transparent processes, and co-design with people who have a diversity of perspectives, including people that can't use or have difficulty using the current designs.

What are the 5 essential elements of inclusion? ›

Five Core Components for Advancing an Inclusive Workplace
  • Leadership. ...
  • Employee Engagement. ...
  • Ongoing Training and Support. ...
  • Policy Review with a Focus on Equity. ...
  • Financial Resources.
Sep 23, 2020

What are the characteristics of inclusive language? ›

Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities.

What is inclusive practice in language teaching? ›

Using inclusive practices means that every learner is valued equally, with the right to participate in all teaching and learning activities. An inclusive education is one that creates equal opportunities for all learners to work together, recognising that diverse skills and abilities can enhance the learning process.

What to avoid in inclusive language? ›

Exclusive terms and phrases to avoid

Replace with: Gender-neutral language such as: folks, people, you all, etc. Women over 18 are not “girls,” while “ladies” and “gals” are both potentially patronizing. Disability rights activists question the use of these terms.

What words and phrases to avoid in inclusive language? ›

Avoid other derogatory terms that stem from the context of mental health, like “schizo,” “paranoid,” “psycho,” “crazy” or “insane.” These words give negative value and contribute to marginalizing individuals with mental health conditions.

How do you promote inclusive language in the workplace? ›

Here are four ways you as leader can encourage the use of inclusive language in your company.
  1. Review job postings to ensure language neutrality. ...
  2. Create a list of words that are forbidden in product development. ...
  3. Create a guide to inclusive language. ...
  4. Leverage the messenger effect.
Mar 18, 2022

What is an example of inclusive teaching? ›

Child's desk is included with the other groups of desks in the classroom. Child's desk is away from the other desks in the classroom. Child has access to and is included in classroom lessons and activities that are adapted or modified to meet his/her special needs. Child works on his/her own curriculum.

What is an example of inclusive in the classroom? ›

An inclusive classroom is one that has:
  • students with mixed abilities.
  • an inclusive curriculum.
  • no separation between children based on abilities.
  • learning activities that take each students' needs into consideration.
  • accessible adaptations, such as wheelchair ramps.
  • adequate support for all students.
Nov 23, 2022

Is it OK to say Indian instead of Native American? ›

Which Term Should You Use? According to the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian, both terms are acceptable. “The consensus, however, is that whenever possible, Native people prefer to be called by their specific tribal name.

What can I say instead of tribe? ›

That means choosing "ethnic group," "nation," "people," "community," "chiefdom," "kin-group," "village" or another appropriate word over "tribe," when writing or talking about Africa.

What percentage do you have to be to be considered Native American? ›

The Bureau of Indian Affairs uses a blood quantum definition—generally one-fourth Native American blood—and/or tribal membership to recognize an individual as Native American. However, each tribe has its own set of requirements—generally including a blood quantum—for membership (enrollment) of individuals.

How do you respect Native American culture? ›

We are relegated to racist stereotypes and cultural caricatures.” Avoid treating Native communities and members as logos, mascots, costumes, caricatures, etc. Be where people are. Go to the reservation and Native community organizations. Visit your local Native cultural center.

Why do Native Americans call themselves Indian? ›

The term "Indian," in reference to the original inhabitants of the American continent, is said to derive from Christopher Columbus, a 15th century boat-person. Some say he used the term because he was convinced he had arrived in "the Indies" (Asia), his intended destination.

What is an example of a gender-neutral word? ›

Some examples include: Folks, folx, or everybody instead of guys or ladies/gentleman. Humankind instead of mankind. People instead of man/men.

How can I be more inclusive in life? ›

  1. 7 Ways to Be More Inclusive in Your Everyday Life. ...
  2. 1 / Mindful communication: listen more, talk carefully. ...
  3. 2 / Challenge stereotypes. ...
  4. 3 / Avoid assumptions. ...
  5. 4 / Ask yourself and others (the right) questions. ...
  6. 5 / Be aware of your privileges. ...
  7. 6 / Be proactive in educating yourself on the topic.
Jul 25, 2019

How can I be culturally inclusive? ›

A culturally inclusive environment requires mutual respect, effective relationships, clear communication, explicit understandings about expectations and critical self-reflection. In an inclusive environment, people of all cultural orientations can: freely express who they are, their own opinions and points of view.

How do you teach children inclusive language? ›

How to Start a Conversation About Inclusive Language with Your...
  1. Explain what inclusive language is in simplistic terms: ...
  2. Explain the WHY: ...
  3. Give them examples (gender pronouns, sexuality, race, ethnicity, bodies, families, etc): ...
  4. Be a support system when they're trying!
Aug 23, 2019

How do you practice inclusive communication? ›

Key principles: think about the context, focus on the person, listen to the language they use to describe themselves, if in doubt – ask the person. Why does inclusive language matter? The language we choose is vital to enabling everyone in our organisation to feel like they belong.

How do you teach inclusive learning? ›

10 tips for teachers on creating an inclusive classroom
  1. Provide support which benefits all children in your class. ...
  2. Clearly display timetables and key information. ...
  3. Create a calm, focused and unique learning environment. ...
  4. Create safe spaces. ...
  5. Make time and opportunities for children to show what they have learned.
Apr 7, 2021

What are three ways to create an inclusive classroom? ›

Tips for Making Classrooms More Inclusive as Students Head Back To School
  • Use inclusive language on all forms. ...
  • Stock your library shelves with diverse books. ...
  • Create a welcoming bulletin board. ...
  • Develop clear classroom and/or school agreements. ...
  • Prepare for teachable moments. ...
  • Model inclusive language.
Aug 24, 2018

How do you use inclusive language at school? ›

Using gendered language such as “girls and boys”, “ladies and gentlemen” can be alienating for gender non-conforming and gender diverse students. Avoid this by using vocabulary such as “students”, “class”, “crew”, “everyone”, “people” or “year X”, which is more inclusive.

What are five strategies to communicate more inclusively? ›

5 ways to make your communications more inclusive
  • Confront your own bias.
  • A picture speaks 1,000 words.
  • Always opt for captions.
  • Use inclusive language.
  • Be open and transparent.
Feb 3, 2021

What does inclusive teaching look like? ›

Inclusive teaching means teaching in a way that: respects the diversity of students. enables all students to take part in learning and fulfil their potential. ensures different students' learning needs and preferences are met, regardless of their backgrounds, learning styles or abilities.

What is an example of an inclusive approach? ›

This can include changing rooms or reading materials, for instance, or can be something much more specific. For example, regularly breaking up activities for a child with ADHD, allowing a break for a diabetic child to eat, or arranging a sporting activity that a child in a wheelchair can get involved in.

What does an inclusion teacher do? ›

The inclusion teacher focus is on scaffolding activities and differentiating instruction to meet the needs of all students, not just the special education students. Provide direct support to students in a classroom by delivering instruction and ensuring learning through a variety of co-teaching models and strategies.

What are the 5 principles of inclusion? ›

Through our research, we have identified five inclusive leadership mindsets that shape behaviors: self-awareness, curiosity, courage, vulnerability, and empathy. These mindsets are critical for leaders' ability to create an environment where all employees feel respected, valued, and able to contribute their best work.

What is an inclusive lesson plan? ›

Inclusive practice refers to the instructional and behavioral strategies that improve academic and social- emotional outcomes for all students, with and without disabilities, in general education settings.


1. Rob Smith Joins Fox And Friends To Discuss CSU "Inclusive Language Guide"
(Turning Point USA)
2. Why inclusive language is so important! | Personal Politics | Episode 04
3. Improving Culture Through Inclusive Language - How to Speak Up
(The Diversity Movement)
4. LGBTIQIQNBFB plus Inclusive Language Guide
5. Oxfam attempts to decolonise the English language by erasing words like ‘woman’ and ‘mother’
(History Debunked)
6. Inclusive Language
(Virtual High School)


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