Teaching - Functions and roles of teachers (2023)

Generally speaking, the role of teachers is to help students learn by providing knowledge and creating a situation in which students can and do learn effectively. But teachers fulfill a complex set of roles that vary from one society to another and from one educational level to another. Some of these functions are performed in the school, others in thecommunity.

roles at schooluniversidad

learning facilitator

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Disciplinary or controller of student behavior

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parent replacement

student trustee

performance judge

curriculum organizer


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Academic and research specialist

Member of the teachers association

roles in thecommunity

civil servants

middle class substituteMoral

Expert in a specific area of ​​knowledge or skill

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community leader

agent ofsocial change

In areas where teaching has not yet become a profession, the teacher may fill fewer of these roles. For example, the primary school teacher in an agricultural society will fulfill only the first five school roles and the first and possibly the second of the community roles.

Some of the roles contradict each other; that is, the performance of one, that ofForeman, for example, tends to conflict with others, such as that of the relative towards the students or the role of the independent andcreativeThe scholar will tend to conflict with that of the bureaucrat. In the community, the role of representative of civic morality tends to clash with the role of agent of social change. Faced with these role conflicts, the teacher must learn to balance knowing when and with what vigor to act in a certain role and when to flexibly switch to another.


The family, the State, the ecclesiastical or religious authorities, the economic or commercial authorities have an interest in the development of children and young people and therefore contribute to establishing and controlling the means of formal and many informal education. In many societies they employ teachers to do the workTraining, and work with the teacher to understand what is expected of the teacher. The more "professional" the teacher, the moreAutonomyhe or she demands and is mandated to teach within the concept of mutually accepted and understood goals and methods.

Elementary school teachers must teach the basic skills: reading, writing and arithmetic. In addition, they must transmit facts and attitudes favorable to the nation or to the church or other institution that supports the school. Therefore, they must teach in a way that leads to communism in China, a mixed capitalist-socialist economy in Britain, or the United States.USA, to French or Brazilian systems in France or Brazil, etc. In a society where schools are run by churches or religious groups, such as in Spain, teachers must convey the appropriate religious beliefs and attitudes.

(Video) Role or functions of teacher

In national and state education systems, legislatures generally require that certain subjects be taught to "improve" the citizenship, morale, or health of students. For example, many systems require secondary schools to teach about the dangers of alcohol, drugs, and tobacco. A growing number of nations are demanding instruction on behalf ofConservation of natural resourcesand body protectionSurroundingsagainst the air andWater Pollution. BeforeSecond World Wara required basic course in Japanese schools was "moral education". After the war this was abolished by the US occupation forces on the grounds that it tended to instill a kind of authoritarianism and nationalism.ideology. However, with the end of the military occupation, the Japanese government reintroduced a compulsory course inMoralEducation that became a source of great controversy amongconservativeand progressives within the Japanese educational profession. The French school system also has a compulsory "bourgeois morality" course.

syllabus questions, etc.Selectionof textbooks and teaching materials are determined in some countries with little or no input from individual teachers. In France, for example, with a highly centralized national education system, the curriculum in primary schools is determined by the Ministry of Education. In the United States, where each of the 50 states is a separate agency, there is much more variation in the curriculum. Some states require national adoption of textbooks, while others leave these matters to local decision. Many metropolitan school systems have a curriculum department that sets guidelines on these matters, and therefore the individual teacher in a city school system or in certain state systems has relatively little authority to decide what should be taught. There is more flexibility at the secondary level than at the primary level. As for classroom teaching methods, the individual teacher is likely to have moreAutonomyin the United States than in most European school systems.

Almost everywhere in the world, the university professor has considerable autonomy in the choice of textbooks, the content to be covered in a particular course, and the teaching methods. In principle, the university professor is only limited by the type of teaching task. If a teacher is one of several teaching a popular course, such as general chemistry, physics, or history, that several hundred students are taking and is being offered by several different teachers, the teacher may need to use the same textbooks as the other. . teachers and possibly students prepare for joint exams. However, in courses taught by a single teacher, you have a lot of freedom in the choice of content and teaching methods.

In terms of the professional responsibility of teachers for what they teach, there is a big difference between the university and the primary and secondary education systems. at the level ofhigher education, teachers have the authority and responsibility to define the curriculum, its content and methods. This is the essence ofacademic freedomin higher education. The university council, whether state or independent, does not dictate to professors what to teach or how to teach. However, there are some external requirements that affect the university professor. If the teacher prepares students for non-university exams (civil service tests, state/medical exams, auditor exams, etc.), her autonomy is limited due to the need of the student body and she is well prepared for these external exams . .

Unlike the university administration, the council of a primary or secondary school, although it generally delegates to the administration of the school, has the power to determine the teaching. The school administration, made up ofSuperintendent, school principals, inspectors and curriculum specialists, have effective power over the curriculum and involve the classroom teacher as much or as little as they wish in the process. However, with the growth of teacher unions and organizations, it seems soCollectiveTeaching actions tend to increase the effective autonomy of the teacher in the classroom. Administrative and legal regulations for the school curriculum generally opposeprinciplethrough the teaching profession; the profession assumes that it can best decide what and how to teach.


Teaching - Functions and roles of teachers? ›

The teacher provides advice and guidance and helps students clarify ideas and limit tasks. This role can be a great way to pay individual attention to a student. It can also allow a teacher to tailor make a course to fit specific student needs.

What are the 4 functions of teaching? ›

Functions of Teaching
  • To organize and organize the class.
  • To create learning conditions.
  • Analyzing the subject matter and task.
  • Motivating student to learn.
  • To provide information about the individual differences of the students.
  • To develop children from ordinary to creative beings.

What are the 3 functions of the teacher? ›

The 3 Basic Functions of a Good Teacher
  • Educator. The most widely acknowledged role played by the teacher is that of the educator - to teach knowledge, typically academic in nature. ...
  • Role Model. A second important role played by teachers is that of a role model. ...
  • Mentor.
May 14, 2019

What are the roles of teachers in effective teaching and learning? ›

The teacher provides advice and guidance and helps students clarify ideas and limit tasks. This role can be a great way to pay individual attention to a student. It can also allow a teacher to tailor make a course to fit specific student needs.

What are the functions performed by an effective teacher? ›

They are prepared, set clear and fair expectations, have a positive attitude, are patient with students, and assess their teaching on a regular basis. They are able to adjust their teaching strategies to fit both the students and the material, recognizing that different students learn in different ways.

What are the two most important functions of a teacher? ›

The most important function of the teacher is to
  • Guide students growth.
  • Provide remedial help whenever needed.
  • Impart effective teaching.
  • Maintain order and discipline in the class.

What are the roles of teachers according to John Dewey? ›

According to Dewey, teachers have a responsibility to structure educational environments in ways that promote educative learning experiences, those that change the learner in such a way as to promote continued learning and growth.

What are the main functions of teaching methods? ›

The Importance of Teaching Methods

Teaching methods are the broader techniques used to help students achieve learning outcomes, while activities are the different ways of implementing these methods. Teaching methods help students: master the content of the course. learn how to apply the content in particular contexts.

What are the 7 roles of the teacher? ›

The primary roles of a teacher are:
  • Providing mentorship. ...
  • Inspiring learners. ...
  • Nurturing healthy curiosity in learners. ...
  • Creating meaningful learning experiences. ...
  • Leveraging technology to support learning. ...
  • Mediating and liaising. ...
  • Researching learning strategies.

What are the six teaching functions? ›

However, these functions are discussed in the article by Brophy in this issue. This paper has covered a number of teaching functions: review of previous learning, demonstration of new material, guided practice and checking for understanding, feedback and corrections, independent practice, and periodic review.

What is the definition and functions of teaching? ›

Teaching can be defined as engagement with learners to enable their understanding and application of knowledge, concepts and processes. It includes design, content selection, delivery, assessment and reflection.

What is a teacher's most important responsibility? ›

Dedication. One of the most important parts of teaching is having dedication. Teachers not only listen, but also coach and mentor their students. They are able to help shape academic goals and are dedicated to getting their students to achieve them.

What is the function of a teacher in classroom management? ›

Classroom management is the linchpin that makes teaching and learning achievable in the teaching learning process. It is the teacher who plays the main role in planning, organizing procedures and resources, arranging the environment to maximize efficiency, monitoring students' progress, anticipating potential problems.

What is the most important function of a teacher facilitate learning? ›

The function of teachers is to help students learn by imparting knowledge to them and by setting up a situation in which students can and will learn effectively. Teachers would be to promote learning.

What are Dewey's three functions of school? ›

Dewey identifies three main functions of this special training environment: „simplifying and ordering the factors of the disposition it is wished to develop; purifying and idealizing the existing social customs; creating a wider and better balanced environment than that by which the young would be likely, if left to ...

What are the roles of the classroom teacher in curriculum? ›

The role of teachers in the curriculum process is to help students develop an engaged relationship with the content. Active learning will increase the focus and retention of the curriculum, resulting in an exciting learning environment.

What is one of the functions by a teacher? ›

The primary role of a teacher is to deliver classroom instruction that helps students learn. To accomplish this, teachers must prepare effective lessons, grade student work and offer feedback, manage classroom materials, productively navigate the curriculum, and collaborate with other staff.

What are the 5 teaching approaches? ›

What are the 5 Pedagogical Approaches?
  • The Constructivist Approach. The constructivist approach is based on the concept of constructivism. ...
  • The Collaborative Approach. ...
  • The Reflective Approach. ...
  • The Integrative Approach. ...
  • The Inquiry-Based Approach.

What are the principles of teaching? ›

Six Principles for Teacher Education
  • Knowledge. Effective teachers possess a well-grounded knowledge of the content areas that are central to their teaching. ...
  • Learning Environment. ...
  • Personalized Learning. ...
  • Community. ...
  • Critical Reflection. ...
  • Growth.

What are the roles of a 21st century teacher? ›

The teachers are facilitators of the learning. The focus of a 21st century teacher is on student by developing higher order thinking skills, effective communication, collaboration, and other skills that they need in the 21st century. The teachers must develop new teaching strategies that are radically different.

What are the multiple roles of a teacher in school? ›

The Multi-faceted Roles of Teachers: How It Extends Beyond...
  • Drivers of Student Engagement. Teachers do more than prepare lesson plans and deliver content to their students. ...
  • Motivators who help students develop Positive Values. ...
  • Mentors who provide Personalised Guidance.
Feb 25, 2021

What qualities make a great teacher? ›

The Top 14 Qualities that Make a Good Teacher
  • Adaptability. Adaptability is a must for teachers, who need to continuously evaluate what's working for their students — and even more importantly, what isn't working. ...
  • Empathy. ...
  • Patience. ...
  • Engagement. ...
  • Active Listening. ...
  • Lifelong Learning. ...
  • Free of Bias. ...
  • Respectful Attitude.

What is the 4's approach in teaching? ›

Choose a topic that you want the children in your class to learn and apply the 4-A's of activating prior knowledge, acquiring new knowledge, applying the knowledge, and assessing the knowledge.

What are the 4 steps of teaching method? ›

Peyton's teaching approach is a stepwise teaching approach and consists of the following four steps: demonstration, deconstruction, comprehension and performance.

What are the 4 pillars of teaching? ›

This shift in thinking has led to the Four Pillars of Education: creativity, critical thinking, communication and collaboration.

What are the 4 parts of teaching cycle? ›

There are four components that comprise the Cycle of Effective Instruction. The components are Active Instruction, Teamwork, Assessment, and Celebration.

What are the 5 types of teaching methods? ›

Types of teaching methods
  • Differentiated instruction. Differentiated instruction is the idea of creating tailored education plans for students based on differing needs. ...
  • Lecture-based learning. ...
  • Technology-based learning. ...
  • Group learning. ...
  • Individual learning. ...
  • Inquiry-based learning. ...
  • Kinesthetic learning. ...
  • Game-based learning.
Feb 28, 2023

What is the code of ethics for professional teachers? ›

Every teacher shall uphold the highest possible standards of quality education, shall make the best preparations for the career of teaching, and shall be at his best at all times and in the practice of his profession.

What are the pillars of teaching pedagogy? ›

Relationships, relevance, revolution, recognition, responsiveness, and reflection all emerged as characteristics of teaching and learning within the setting. These emergent themes are presented as a six-pillar framework for liberatory teaching and learning, coined a Pedagogy of Risk.

What are the 3 major components in the teaching process? ›

Effective teaching involves aligning the three major components of instruction: learning objectives, assessments, and instructional activities. Taking the time to do this upfront saves time in the end and leads to a better course.

What are the three phases of teaching? ›

Phases of teaching
  • Planning stage I (Pre-active phase)
  • Pre-active teaching involves the following steps:
  • Application phase (Inter-active phase)
  • Inter-active phase steps.
  • The phase of evaluation and feedback (Post-active phase)
  • The post-active stage tasks.
Jul 27, 2022


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